WeightDrive - Would You want To Weigh Less?

Losing weight

In simple terms, the food we eat and the clean water we drink feeds our body and creates energy, measured in calories. Basically If you eat and drink lots and if your body doesn’t burn off the same amount then the body stores the excess as fat for a day when you might need it. SIMPLE.

The second and often considered factor is metabolism; often people blame weight gain on having a ‘slow metabolism’ meaning they burn off calories slower. 

It’s easy to hate that person who can eat a 3 course meal every day and not put on a gram -does their body metabolism run at a higher rate and burn off more calories? Some people can look at a cream doughnut and feel fatter!!! The Mayo Clinic reckon it’s just about energy.

So knowing yourself, knowing how much you eat in terms of calories and how much you use is the key. It’s worthwhile weighing yourself and assess their body mass index (BMI) – see below.

You should learn to watch your weight and take charge. You need to watch the numbers.

Weight Facts

These facts are taken from the NHS Digital publication on Statistics on Obesity, Physical Activity and Diet, England, 2018 [PAS], dated 4 April 2018, which is a National Statistics publication.

50000

hospital admissions in 2016/7 where obesity was a factor

£ 1

average household weekly spend on food and drink in 2015 (incl eating out)

1000

items were prescribed for the treatment of obesity in 2017

£ 1
million

was the Net Ingredient Cost (NIC) of all prescription items for the treatment of obesity in 2017.

Overweight??

Who’s Overweight?

This table from the Cancer Research website  shows the %-ages of the population overweight or obese in the UK in 2015

overweight and obesity prevalence

References

  • Health and Social Care Information Centre. Health Survey for England – 2015: Adult trend tables. Accessed October 2016.
  • The Scottish Government. The Scottish Health Survey 2012: Volume 1, Chapter 8: Obesity. Accessed October 2014.
  • Welsh Government. Welsh Health Survey: Chapter 5: Health-related Lifestyle. Accessed October 2014.
  • Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety Northern Ireland. Health Survey Northern Ireland Additional Tables 2011-2012. Accessed October 2014.

This chart again from Cancer Research shows shows the split by age

overweight table by age

References

  • Health and Social Care Information Centre. Health Survey for England – 2015: Adult trend tables. Accessed December 2016.
  • The Scottish Government. The Scottish Health Survey 2015: Volume 1, Chapter 8: Obesity. Accessed October 2014.
  • Welsh Government. Welsh Health Survey: Chapter 5: Health-related Lifestyle. Accessed October 2014.
  • Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety Northern Ireland. Health Survey Northern Ireland Additional Tables 2011-2012. Accessed October 2014.

Local authorities with more obesity admissions

If you want to see which boroughs admit more people to NHS hospitals where obesity is a factor, then click the link above and go to the second page when you’ve read the notes.   This is a data visualisation tool from NHS Digital and allows you to choose a local authority and see the admissions.

HOW DO WE WORK THIS OUT?

bmi table

Measures

We measure food intake in calories (technically kcal = 1,000 calories, the energy needed to heat 1 KG water by 1 degree Celsius at sea level).

We use Body Mass Index (BMI) to measure degrees of overweight. This is simply your weight (in kg) / your height (in metres)^2.  For adults a BMI of 25-29 kg/m2 means overweight, more than 30 kg/m2 means obese. 

This doesn’t distinguish men and women, nor body fat / muscles.  National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommends BMI used with waist circumference as a better method; there is some view that Body Volume Index, is a better measure, but this is difficult to measure.  The NHS have a BMI calculator:

What do people think about their weight?

From the NHS Digital Statistics on Obesity, Physical Activity and Diet report:

people wanting to lose weight chart

Health risks associated with weight

From the NHS Digital Statistics on Obesity, Physical Activity and Diet report:

health risk by bmi and waist

The survey shown in the link above refers to the Health Survey for England – see the latest version. This has links to relevant sections.

Not everyone overweight is unhealthy; some manage to escape the usual hazards, at least temporarily — called metabolically healthy obesity. However, most people who are overweight are more likely to suffer from:

  • high blood pressure or chlorestorol
  • type 2 diabetes
  • sleep apnea
  • osteoarthritis
  • fatty liver disease
  • kidney disease
  • pregnancy problems, such as high blood sugar during pregnancy, high blood pressure, and increased risk for cesarean delivery (C-section)high blood pressure
obesity biggest cause of cancer after smoking

Arthritis in its many forms can be affected by weight and diet – see the link below to download a booklet which describes the forms of arthritis, how good nutrition (and exercise) can help.

Waist size is important

A measure of being overweight was the waist line. Look in ‘More Info’ below for a Men’s Health Forum paper on a ‘hazardous waist’

What can I do about it?

Overall we say losing weight is about doing something different – if you decide to lose weight change a number of things;
Habit – create a new habit to overlay the old ones and you will start to see a difference straight away
Food – eat smaller meals and ones with less calories but gradual don’t go for the quick win
Drink – replace sweet drinks with flavoured iced water. Reduce high calorific alcoholic drinks
Exercise – start walking up the stairs at work walk to the next bus stop. Don’t park close to the supermarket door, park across the other side and walk back. Do a 5 minute sit up exercise before sitting down for the evening
Mind-set – it won’t always be easy and you will slip from time to time but keep going don’t give up.
Time – it’s not a sprint it’s a marathon. You probably gained the weight over many years. Take your time and go for gradual reduction. Reward yourself with small milestones such as a new hairdo, clothes or makeover or day out.

Change what you eat

We’re told we need to eat 5 a day fruit and vegetables.  What counts and how much? You can see the NHS list.

Should I go on a diet?

There are so many options, and some are supposed not to be good for you.  How do you choose the right one for you?  Examples (some paid for):

5:2 diet, Dukan diet, Paleo diet, New Atkins diet, Alkaline diet, South Beach Diet, Slimming World diet, SlimFast diet, LighterLife diet, WeightWatchers diet, Rosemary Conley diet, Sugar-free diet – all described on NHS site – see ‘ More Info’ below

Whole30 diet, Macrobiotic diet, Ketogenic diet, Wild diet, Taco diet,  Disassociated diet, Mediterranean diet, DASH diet, Mind diet, etc – all described on Redbook site – see ‘More Info’ below

Exercise

adult physical activity levels

Apps

OneYou is set up by Public Health England to encourage adults to improve their health.  Their EasyMeals app gives ideas on healthier meals, and the PHE Change4Life Food Scanner app allows you to scan food barcodes to see what’s in your food!

You can see the Healthline 10 best weight loss apps 

The Last Weight Loss Video You’ll Ever Need To See

Losing weight - tips and tricks

See the Absolute Best Way To Lose Belly Fat | The Last Weight Loss Video You’ll Ever Need
 by Dr. Nick Zyrowski

"People who are overweight don't want unsolicited advice. Guess what. We know we're fat. We live in homes with mirrors."
al roker
Al Roker
Broadcaster, actor and author

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See what other things can help

More information

NHS have a review of 12 diets described above – link

Healthline have an interesting article in Alternative Day Fasting – one version of intermittent fasting

Redbook have a review and description of 40 top diets (some described above) – link

Nutrition has an impact on Arthritis  (DMU Graduate Champions Intern) report – download it here

Download Men’s Health Forum Paper on the ‘Hazardous Waist’

Download the NHS Digital weight loss plan

Nuffield Health have a ‘Healthy Weight Programme’ info here – download programme here

NHS Digital paper on Statistics on Obesity, Physical Activity and Diet – download

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